Refractive surgery

Dr. Angelo Appiotti, with over 30 years of experience, uses state-of-the-art techniques in the laser and surgical treatment of vision problems in patients and professional athletes, and is an authority in the field of refractive surgery in Europe.

A reliable solution to your vision problems

If glasses and contact lenses affect your quality of life or you do not tolerate them, refractive surgery is a reliable and effective answer to your need or wish to correct your vision problems.

Relying on experts and innovative, state-of-the-art eye laser technologies is a crucial requirement to achieve perfect vision, thus eliminating your dependency on glasses and contact lenses.

History and evolution of laser

1st and 2nd generation excimer laser

The first refractive surgeries date back to 50 years ago, but it is only in the last 30 years that excimer laser techniques have become the preferred choice for treatment. First- and second-generation lasers are extremely sophisticated tools: they emit an ultraviolet radiation able to vaporise thin layers of cornea without damaging the tissue underneath and reshape the corneal curve with utmost precision and safety, correcting the vision problem.
The transition from first to second generation laser tools brought further changes, such as increased spot-on precision and a gentler treatment to the corneal surface. The advent of the PTK technique in particular has allowed surgeons to improve surface quality and remove pre-existing scar tissue from the cornea. Last but not least, new eye tracking systems are used to record any eye movements, even subtle ones (within 3 mm), and prevent decentration.

3rd-generation laser and the advent of VisuMax® Zeiss

VisuMax® ZEISS is a true revolution in the field of refractive surgery.
This state-of-the-art system uses high-performance femtosecond laser technology and stands out for its extraordinary cutting precision, unprecedented speed and gentle treatment approach. VisuMax® laser is the ideal platform for corneal surgery applications such as ReLEx SMILE, a cutting-edge technique for correcting myopia and myopic astigmatism.

Refractive surgery techniques


2nd-generation laser technique
recommended for myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism


2nd-generation laser technique
recommended for myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism


1st-generation laser technique
recommended for myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism

Refractive Lens Exchange

Surgical technique for severe myopia and hyperopia
(intraocular lens – IOL)

Athletes who underwent surgery

Many famous professional athletes, competing on both a national and international level, have chosen the professionalism and thirty-year experience of Dr. Appiotti to treat their visual impairments.

Eye clinics

Dr. Appiotti visits patients and performs refractive surgery operations in selected eye clinics in Milan, Verona, and Modena, which are renowned for their state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment and laser technologies.

Contact us

If you are interested in booking a visit with Dr. Appiotti to determine if you are eligible for laser surgery, or if you just have some questions or concerns, please contact the toll-free number 800.669.700

Alternatively, you may send your request through the contact form. We will answer promptly in a polite and professional manner.