Dr. Angelo Appiotti, with over 30 years of experience and more than 40,000 eyes treated, is the most trustworthy, reliable and encouraging solution for treating your vision problems through customised surgical and laser techniques. He works at the following prestigious eye clinics: Vista Vision (Milan and Verona) and Villa Richeldi (Modena).

What is astigmatism and how can it be corrected

Astigmatism is a vision condition (refractive error) that causes blurred vision due either to the cornea being irregularly shaped and more steeply curved in one direction than the other, or to abnormalities in the eyeball. Therefore, images appear out-of-focus and blurry. The specific cause of astigmatism is still unknown. While there may be different causes, it is generally hereditary, but sometimes it can be caused by a corneal lesion due to accidental traumas, some types of ocular surgery or diseases such as keratoconus (a disorder that causes gradual thinning of the cornea).

People with astigmatism may have difficulties reading a text or seeing fine detail of both near and far objects

Since astigmatism is caused by a corneal irregularity, it may be associated to myopia (myopic astigmatism) or to hyperopia (hyperopic astigmatism).

Astigmatism is measured in dioptres and can be mild (0 to 1 dioptres), moderate (1 to 2 dioptres), or severe (> 2 dioptres).

Despite being the most common vision problem, astigmatism is often asymptomatic, especially in mild cases or young patients, as the eye is more elastic and is able to bring images into focus through accommodation.

Possible treatments

Astigmatism (whether myopic or hyperopic) can be treated in traditional ways with visual solutions such as glasses with cylindrical or toric lenses, or gas permeable or soft contact lenses. Glasses are the most common and easiest method, but may lead to several vision problems, especially in case of oblique astigmatism which tends to cause distorted vision and depth perception issues. This may result in the patient having difficulty walking, going down stairs and steps, and performing all those actions involving three-dimensional perception.
Contact lenses have disadvantages too, as they require more maintenance than glasses and cannot be used for a prolonged time without incurring the risk of developing allergies or infections.

Refractive surgery is currently the most reliable and effective answer to treat astigmatism.

As a matter of fact, by modifying the curvature of the cornea it also changes its refractive power (magnification power), thus allowing light rays to be focused directly on the retina to create a clear image.

Dr. Angelo Appiotti, with over 30 years of experience and more than 40,000 eyes treated, is the most trustworthy, reliable and encouraging solution for treating your astigmatism through customised surgical and laser techniques.

The most appropriate laser technique must be chosen after carefully analysing the eyes and taking into account the professional or personal goals of each patient, so as to provide a tailor-made service.

Laser and other eye surgery techniques for the treatment of astigmatism


3rd-generation laser technique
recommended for myopia and myopic astigmatism


2nd-generation laser technique
recommended for myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism


1st-generation laser technique
recommended for myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia

Athletes who underwent astigmatism correction surgery

Many famous professional athletes, competing on both a national and international level, have chosen the professionalism and thirty-year experience of Dr. Appiotti to treat their astigmatism.

Eye clinics

Dr. Appiotti visits patients and performs refractive surgery operations in selected eye clinics in Milan, Verona, and Modena, which are renowned for their state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment and laser technologies.


If you are interested in booking a visit with Dr. Appiotti to determine if you are eligible for laser surgery, or if you just have some questions or concerns, please contact the toll-free number 800.669.700

Alternatively, you may send your request through the contact form. We will answer promptly in a polite and professional manner.